Notes on the Geography of China: Hani Terraces 2: Villages
The 80-plus villages within the zone preserved by UNESCO have, with one exception, been radically transformed in recent years, chiefly by the substitution of integrally-colored concrete blocks for traditional stone-and-mud buildings. With one hand the government decrees that a traditional landscape shall be preserved; with the other, it helps or at least raises no objections as villagers say goodbye to all that.
Here's the same village we were in when we walked down the irrigation channel. It's all concrete, or at least concrete-faced. The nod to tradition is the color, blended into the concrete to resemble mud.
The center of the village is a construction zone.
What's that in her hand? No, no, she's perfectly mellow. Just a friendly conversation.
In the background is something that approximates the traditional Hani house: thatch over mud-brick.
Here's another village, not one that does much to improve the beauty of the terraces. The roofs may well get a cosmetic layer of thatch.
One traditional village is said to survive. It's Azheke, with characteristic "mushroom" houses. To get to it we go along a main road linking many villages all at about the same elevation. Then we drop down a rough path.
Pre-concrete: stone houses, pricier than mud-brick.
Severe but elegant, except for the lack of any kind of handrail.
Improvements force their way into older buildings.
Watch your step!
A stone trough. What for?
Lots of things, including sharpening a sickle.
Or washing greens, probably headed for the local market.
A "mushroom" house, as simple as thatch and mud can be, but with one exception. See it?
At the base, and especially at the corners, stone is used to resist erosion. Locally, nobody builds this way anymore.
Farther into the village. Notice the long rods? They're for drying noodles.
The houses are minimally heated, and the fuel is wood.
Sometimes the fuel is dung.
Heat comes also from the animals penned downstairs.
You didn't believe me?
Bracing a mud wall that threatens to collapse.
A house built about 2000 of stone and brick.
Inside, it's smoky. The black column on the right is concrete, not some exotic timber. The television brings both the mythical Chinese past and the mythical Chinese present.
Baking cakes of ground rice.
Besides filling the house with smoke, the little fire also smokes bits of last year's pig.
Mom has four kids. Not exactly the demographics that outsiders expect in China.
Outside the house, there's a waterwheel and, inside the building, a rice mill.
Here it is, with a wheel that runs in a stone trough. It's broken at the moment and missing critical parts.
Next door, somebody's breaking the rules.
Farther downhill, the village ends and gives way to misty fields.
Look around, however, and there are people at work, here cutting greens.
A tiny patch.
Catching a breath on the way uphill to the market.
Somebody thought to build rest spots along the way.
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