Notes on the Geography of Peninsular India: Chalukya 3: Pattadakal: Photo 2
The temple cluster is approximately linear, with the river not more than a hundred yards to the left. The temples in the foreground are the Galaganatha and Sangamesvara. In the distance is the Virupaksha, the biggest temple in the group. The Chalukyas had begun building temples at Badami but shifted to here. The long reign of Vijayadita (r. 696-733) saw construction of Sangamesvara, the second temple in this picture. His successor had a short but glorious reign, marked by victories over the Pallavas to the south. This king, Vikramaditya II (r. 734-45), had two queens, and to mark his triumph Queen Lokamahadevi built Virupaksha. The junior wife, Trailokyaamahadevi, built the adjoining Mallikarjuna.
For more, see George Michell's Pattadakal, 2001.
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