< Last Photo   << Last Chapter                Notes on the Geography of Places: Ghana: Akuapem Hills         Next Chapter >>   Next Photo > 
 

Notes on the Geography of Ghana: Akuapem Hills

In 1875, nine years after establishing the Gold Coast colony, the British found it advisable to set up a sanatorium where officers could recuperate from attacks of malaria. They chose the Akuapem Hills, about 30 miles north of Accra and a blessed, if not quite adequate, 1,500 feet above sea level. In 1890, Governor Brandford-Griffith decided to establish a botanical garden on the sanatorium grounds. They were expanded and put under the direction of a student imported from Kew to be the first curator.

Make default image size larger

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 1

Five years later, in 1895, an avenue of royal palms was planted. A photograph in The Gold Coast Handbook of 1928 shows the palms almost squat and perhaps half their height here.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 2

Buildings dot the grounds, including this one, perhaps the original sanatorium. It certainly sits on a prime hilltop location.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 3

The site had originally been forested. This tree survives as the monarch of the glen.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 4

A sign makes it official.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 5

Magnificent buttresses reminiscent of those on more famous, more grotesque display at Angkor.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 6

The business of the garden was primarily economic. Many plants were worked on, including rubber and, inadvisably, cotton. For that crop, a later station was set up at a lower elevation near the Volta River. The tree in the center here is a kola.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 7

A nutmeg tree.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 8

The garden has an educational function, too.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 9

The most important crop introduced to the Gold Coast was imported not by the botanists but by a returning migrant, the locally famous Tettah Quarshie. The botanical garden later distributed cocoa seedlings and provided technical information to growers.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 10

Quarshie, who had learned of the cocoa tree while working as a carpenter on Fernando Po, brought it back with him in 1876 and planted it at Mampong, less than two miles north of the newly established sanatorium. Quarshie's farm, still privately owned though not by his descendants, is a kind of museum, welcoming visitors.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 11

On the site.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 12

The grove has perhaps 50 trees.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 13

Pods.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 14

A nearby house.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 15

Another, bigger but in poor shape.

Ghana: Akuapem Hills picture 16

One of the several children of the deceased owner of the house; he explained that for lack of agreement about what to do with the property the children did nothing. A common story.


www.greatmirror.com Web   
 

* Australia * Austria * Bangladesh * Belgium * Botswana * Brazil * Burma / Myanmar * Cambodia (Angkor) * Canada (B.C.) * China * The Czech Republic * Egypt * Fiji * France * Germany * Ghana * Greece * Hungary * India: Themes * Northern India * Peninsular India * Indonesia * Israel * Italy * Japan * Jerusalem * Jordan * Kenya * Laos * Kosovo * Malawi * Malaysia * Mauritius * Mexico * Morocco * Mozambique * Namibia * The Netherlands * New Zealand * Nigeria * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * The Philippines * Poland * Portugal * Senegal * Singapore * South Africa * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Syria (Aleppo) * Tanzania * Thailand * Trinidad * Turkey (Istanbul) * Uganda * The U.A.E. (Dubai) * The United Kingdom * The Eastern United States * The Western United States * Oklahoma * Uzbekistan * Vietnam * The West Bank * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe *
go back to previous picture go to next chapter go to next picture go to previous chapter page